Pathanamthitta is a hillside town in the lap of Sahiadri Mountain range. The name Pathanamthitta is a combination of two names viz. ‘Pathanam’ and ‘thitta’ meaning of which is ‘row of houses on the bank of a river’. Pathanamthitta district was formed on 1st November 1982 by splitting Kollam district. Pathanamthitta was once under the rule of the king of Pandalam. It has Kollam, Alappuzha, Kottayam, Idukki districts sharing its boundary. Major part of the district is forest sharing with the Tamil Nadu.
The district is divided into two revenue divisions, 5 taluks, 9 blocks, 54 panchayaths and 68 villages. Adoor, Thiruvalla and Pathanamthitta are municipalities.
Sabarimala, Maramon Convention
There is a wide network of five speciality hospitals, 43 government Ayurveda hospitals and temperory hospitals during pilgrimage season. It has an educational belt including 751 schools. The district also include hydro power stations producing one third of the total electricity required by the state. Main projects are Sabarigiri (300 MW), Kakkad (50 MW), Maniyar (7MW).
Total area 2642 Square Kilometer
1300.73 square kilometre is forest area.
Black Pepper, Coconut, Ginger, Turmeric, Rubber, Betel leaf, Betel nut, Rice, Banana, Tapioca, Cardamom, Vegitables,Yam, Elephant yam etc..
Achenkoil, Pampa, Meenachil, Bharathappuzha, Periyar,
Thirvalla, Pathanamthitta, Konni where the elephant camp is situated, World famous Ayyappa temple,Kozhencherry where the largest Christian Convention of Asia, the Maramon convention, Niranam Church which was built in AD 54 by St. Thomas, the Appostle of Jesus Christ, Sree Vallabha Temple in Thiruvalla, Famous Hanuman Temple at Kaviyoor, Aranmula, Pandalam believed to be birth place of Ayyappa, Elanthoor, Omallur, Elavunthitta, Koduman, Naranganam, Malayalappuzha, Prakkanam, Ranni, Anandhappalli, Chandhanappalli.